Phil 1.2.18

7:00 – 3:30 ASRC MKT

  • Star wars link for Thursday
  • Selective Exposure to Misinformation: Evidence from the consumption of fake news during the 2016 U.S. presidential campaign
    • Andrew M. Guess 
    • Brendan Nyhan
    • Jason Reifler
    • Though some warnings about online “echo chambers” have been hyperbolic, tendencies toward selective exposure to politically congenial content are likely to extend to misinformation and to be exacerbated by social media platforms. We test this prediction using data on the factually dubious articles known as “fake news.” Using unique data combining survey responses with individual-level web trac histories, we estimate that approximately 1 in 4 Americans visited a fake news website from October 7-November 14, 2016. Trump supporters visited the most fake news websites, which were overwhelmingly pro-Trump. However, fake news consumption was heavily concentrated among a small group — almost 6 in 10 visits to fake news websites came from the 10% of people with the most conservative online information diets. We also find that Facebook was a key vector of exposure to fake news and that fact-checks of fake news almost never reached its consumers.
  • Via Kate Starbird: The Elusive Backfire Effect: Mass Attitudes’ Steadfast Factual Adherence
    • Can citizens heed factual information, even when such information challenges their partisan and ideological attachments? The “backfire effect,” described by Nyhan and Reifler (2010), says no: rather than simply ignoring factual information, presenting respondents with facts can compound their ignorance. In their study, conservatives presented with factual information about the absence of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq became more convinced that such weapons had been found. The present paper presents results from five experiments in which we enrolled more than 10,100 subjects and tested 52 issues of potential backfire. Across all experiments, we found no corrections capable of triggering backfire, despite testing precisely the kinds of polarized issues where backfire should be expected. Evidence of factual backfire is far more tenuous than prior research suggests. By and large, citizens heed factual information, even when such information challenges their ideological commitments.
  • Stanford political scientist studies apocalyptic political rhetoric <- dimension reduction
    • Stanford political scientist Alison McQueen’s research shows that apocalyptic rhetoric can make wars, natural disasters, economic collapse and even the possibility of nuclear war easier to understand. But although it can rouse people to action, apocalyptic rhetoric also carries great peril.
    • Political Realism in Apocalyptic Times
  • The Concept of Narrative as a Fundamental for Human Agent-Based Modeling
    • This paper introduces the concept of narrative and its construction into the structure of agent-based modeling, as an effective mechanism for representation of stochastic behavior by agents in the context of social phenomena that are governed by fundamental random processes. A theoretical foundation is offered, citing authorities from the narrative community and related biological, sociological and psychological fields. The fundamental properties of narratives and their relationships are described, and potentially useful lines of further research are posited.
  • Automotive Pishkin-style pileup:
  • Full read-through of the edited paper. Minor edits so far.
  • Back to the Belief Space proposal