Author Archives: pgfeldman

Phil 2.19.20

7:00 – 8:00 ASRC GOES

disinfoOps
  • Defense practice and tweaking
  • Continue setting up workstation
    • Java – done
    • Python – done
      • Pandas3d
      • Panda
      • Scikit-learn
      • TF 2.0
      • etc
    • TortoiseSVN – done
    • WinSCP – done
    • PuTTY – done
    • XAMPP – done
    • gVIM – done
    • MikTex – done
    • TexStudio – done
    • Adobe Creative Cloud – done
      • Acrobat- done
      • Illustrator- done
      • Photoshop – done
    • Intellij
    • Office- done
    • Project
    • Chrome- done
    • FF
    • GitHub desktop
    • Set up non-admin user
  • Mission Drive meetings

Phil 2.19.20

8:00 – 7:00 ASRC GOES

  • I have a cold. Yuck!
  • How to build a brain from scratch
    • This advanced option course discusses the search for a general theory of learning and inference in biological brains. It draws upon diverse themes in the fields of psychology, neuroscience, machine learning and artificial intelligence research. We begin by posing broad questions. What are brains for, and what does it mean to ask how they “work”? Then, over a series of lectures, we discuss parallel computational approaches in machine learning/AI and psychology/neuroscience, including reinforcement learning, deep learning, and Bayesian methods. We contrast computational and representational approaches to understanding neuroscience data. We ask whether current approaches in machine learning are feasible and scaleable, and which methods – if any – resemble the computations observed in biological brains. We review how high-level cognitive functions – attention, episodic memory, concept formation, reasoning and executive control – are being instantiated in artificial agents, and how their implementation draws upon what we know about the mammalian brain. Finally, we contemplate the outlook for the future, and whether AI will be “solved” in the near future.
  • Start writing GVSETS simulation white paper for March 3
  • Finish setting up workstation
    • Soooooo, that turned out to be a bigger problem. The way that admin is set up is that there are two levels, an “install software” level, and an “install hardware level”. I had been given the former. When I installed the new SSD, it had to be formatted with NTFS. I could launch the device manager, but could not access the drive. I took the box down to HQ, and their IT folks were mystified. I stopped by the shop that had fixed the power supply, and for another $50, they put the drive in another machine, formatted and named it. Then it worked. Wheee.
    • I then start re-installing software and find that although I can log in as admin, I can’t run anything as admin. That requires going back to HQ so that they can set permissions on the local network, and install a VPN. Now our local network is horrible. There is some kind of whitelist/blacklist filter that is so slow that web pages often timeout rather than load.
    • At this point, I decided that it was easier to reset the machine and start over. So I’ll be doing that for a few days. Today, I got the NVIDIA and CUDA drivers installed.
  • Verify TF and multi-gpu optevolver
  • ML Seminar

Phil 2.17.20

Pinged Aaron about getting together today – 3:00

  • Went through the talk he says it seems pretty solid
  • Also dropped by Don’s office to say hi

Generated a new map where a stampede stops when it hits the edge

Played around with the “Curse of Dimensionality” slide

Added some background on fact-checking to the RQ slide

Start fixing Alienware

  • Mount drive – done
  • Plug everything in and connect network – done
  • Copy files
  • Fix environment variables

Online Conspiracy Theories: The WIRED Guide

  • Everything you need to know about George Soros, Pizzagate, and the Berenstain Bears.

 

Phil 2.16.20

Bringing Stories Alive: Generating Interactive Fiction Worlds

  • World building forms the foundation of any task that requires narrative intelligence. In this work, we focus on procedurally generating interactive fiction worlds—text-based worlds that players “see” and “talk to” using natural language. Generating these worlds requires referencing everyday and thematic commonsense priors in addition to being semantically consistent, interesting, and coherent throughout. Using existing story plots as inspiration, we present a method that first extracts a partial knowledge graph encoding basic information regarding world structure such as locations and objects. This knowledge graph is then automatically completed utilizing thematic knowledge and used to guide a neural language generation model that fleshes out the rest of the world. We perform human participant-based evaluations, testing our neural model’s ability to extract and fill-in a knowledge graph and to generate language conditioned on it against rule-based and human-made baselines. Our code is available at this https URL.

The Obligation To Experiment

  • Tech companies should test the effects of their products on our safety and civil liberties. We should also test them ourselves.

Ran through the presentation with David. He pointed out that stampedes bouncing off the edge of the environment look like flocking, so I generated a new map where the stampede gathers and runs off the edge

flock_2_stampede_map_legend

Phil 2.14.20

7:00 – 8:30 ASRC GOES

This document describes the Facebook Full URL shares dataset, resulting from a collaboration between Facebook and Social Science One. It is for Social Science One grantees and describes the dataset’s scope, structure, fields, and privacy-preserving characteristics. This is the second of two planned steps in the release of this “Full URLs dataset”, which we described at socialscience.one/blog/update-social-science-one.

Judging Truth

    • Deceptive claims surround us, embedded in fake news, advertisements, political propaganda, and rumors. How do people know what to believe? Truth judgments reflect inferences drawn from three types of information: base rates, feelings, and consistency with information retrieved from memory. First, people exhibit a bias to accept incoming information, because most claims in our environments are true. Second, people interpret feelings, like ease of processing, as evidence of truth. And third, people can (but do not always) consider whether assertions match facts and source information stored in memory. This three-part framework predicts specific illusions (e.g., truthiness, illusory truth), offers ways to correct stubborn misconceptions, and suggests the importance of converging cues in a post-truth world, where falsehoods travel further and faster than the truth.

       

 

  •  Dissertation
    • Practice! 52 minutes, 57 seconds
    • Maybe meeting with Wayne? Nope
  • Pack, move, unpack, setup
    • Bring ethernet cables! done
    • Moved out – done
    • Moved in – not done, but ready to unpack
  • Recovered my information for GSAW and TFDev
  • Write quick proposals for:
    • cybermap – done
    • Synthetic data as a service – done
    • White paper – kinda?

Phil 2.13.20

7:00 – 4:00 ASRC (charge number?)

  • AI/ML workshop
  • Color code timeline – done
  • Pick up computer? – done.
    • It turns out that the alienware OEM power supply uses standard connectors in a non-standard way. When I had to use the OEM SATA low-profile connector, I tripped the power supply and also blew out the HD. Ordered a replacement SATA SSD
    • Rebuild travel folders
    • Copy laptop’s d: dev and program files folders onto new SSD

Phil 2.12.20

7:00 – 8:00pm ASRC PhD, GOES

  • Create figures that show an agent version of the dungeon
  • Replicate the methods and detailed methods of the cartography slides
  • Text for each group by room can be compared by the rank difference between them and the overall. Put that in a spreadsheet, plot and maybe determine the DTW value?
    • Add the sim version of the dungeon and the rank comparison to the dissertation
  • Put all ethics on one slide – done
  • Swapped out power supply, but now the box won’t start. Dropped off to get repaired
  • Corporate happy hour

Phil 2.11.20

7:00 – 9:00 ASRC GOES

The brains of birds synchronize when they sing duets

  • When a male or female white-browed sparrow-weaver begins its song, its partner joins in at a certain time. They duet with each other by singing in turn and precisely in tune. A team led by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen used mobile transmitters to simultaneously record neural and acoustic signals from pairs of birds singing duets in their natural habitat. They found that the nerve cell activity in the brain of the singing bird changes and synchronizes with its partner when the partner begins to sing. The brains of both animals then essentially function as one, which leads to the perfect duet. (original article: Duets recorded in the wild reveal that interindividually coordinated motor control enables cooperative behavior)

Bottom-Up and Top-Down Attention for Image Captioning and Visual Question Answering

  • Top-down visual attention mechanisms have been used extensively in image captioning and visual question answering (VQA) to enable deeper image understanding through fine-grained analysis and even multiple steps of reasoning. In this work, we propose a combined bottom-up and top down attention mechanism that enables attention to be calculated at the level of objects and other salient image regions. This is the natural basis for attention to be considered. Within our approach, the bottom-up mechanism (based on Faster R-CNN) proposes image regions, each with an associated feature vector, while the top-down mechanism determines feature weightings. Applying this approach to image captioning, our results on the MSCOCO test server establish a new state-of-the-art for the task, achieving CIDEr / SPICE / BLEU-4 scores of 117.9, 21.5 and 36.9, respectively. Demonstrating the broad applicability of the method, applying the same approach to VQA we obtain first place in the 2017 VQA Challenge

 

  •  Defense
    • Need to think about how to discuss maps like the T-O and belief space maps (flocking and stampeding projections?) are attention maps as well. Emphasizing well-triangulated but less-attended areas is a potential good. Compare to how maps opened up areas for exploration and exploitation, but this is constructive and not extractive
  • Admin -done
  • Walkthrough of Aaron’s slides
    • Showed him how to outline boxes and reduce the filesize
  • Shimei’s group
    • Walkthrough of the slides
    • Strengthen the connection between the sim and the human study

Phil 2.9.20

In Data Voids: Where Missing Data Can Easily Be ExploitedGolebiewski teams up with danah boyd (Microsoft Research; Data & Society) to demonstrate how data voids are exploited by manipulators eager to expose people to problematic content including falsehoods, misinformation, and disinformation.

Data voids are often difficult to detect. Most can be harmless until something happens that causes lots of people to search for the same term, such as a breaking news event, or a reporter using an unfamiliar phrase. In some cases, manipulators work quickly to produce conspiratorial content to fill a void, whereas other data voids, such as those from outdated terms, are filled slowly over time. Data voids are compounded by the fraught pathways of search-adjacent recommendation systems such as auto-play, auto-fill, and trending topics; each of which are vulnerable to manipulation.

Persuading Algorithms With an AI Nudge Fact-Checking Can Reduce the Spread of Unreliable News. It Can Also Do the Opposite.

Tesla Autopilot Duped By ‘Phantom’ Images: Researchers were able to fool popular autopilot systems into perceiving projected images as real – causing the cars to brake or veer into oncoming traffic lanes.

Phil 2.7.20

7:00 – 5:00 ASRC GOES

tacj

  •  Dissertation
    • Fixed some math
  •  Defense
    • Added a math slide for agent calculations – done
    • Need to add the sim justification slide, based on Aaron’s comments last night – done
    • Drop off signed papers at graduate school this morning – done
    • Working on the abstract – done and submitted!

Phil 2.6.20

7:00 – 4:00  ASRC GOES

Direct Fit to Nature: An Evolutionary Perspective on Biological and Artificial Neural Networks

  • Evolution is a blind fitting process by which organisms become adapted to their environment. Does the brain use similar brute-force fitting processes to learn how to perceive and act upon the world? Recent advances in artificial neural networks have exposed the power of optimizing millions of synaptic weights over millions of observations to operate robustly in real-world contexts. These models do not learn simple, human-interpretable rules or representations of the world; rather, they use local computations to interpolate over task-relevant manifolds in a high-dimensional parameter space. Counterintuitively, similar to evolutionary processes, over-parameterized models can be simple and parsimonious, as they provide a versatile, robust solution for learning a diverse set of functions. This new family of direct-fit models present a radical challenge to many of the theoretical assumptions in psychology and neuroscience. At the same time, this shift in perspective establishes unexpected links with developmental and ecological psychology.

 

  •  Defense
    • Discussion slides
      • contributions – done
      • designing for populations 1 & 2- done
      • Diversity and resilience- done
      • Non-human agents- done
      • Reflection and reflex- done
      • Ethical considerations- done
      • Ethics of diversity injection
      • Ethics of belief space cartography
  • GOES
    • Status report
  • Get signature from Aaron at 7:30

Phil 2.5.20

7:00 – 5:30 ASRC GOES

  • Social network proximity predicts similar trajectories of psychological states: Evidence from multi-voxel spatiotemporal dynamics put this in the lit review!
    • Temporal trajectories of multivoxel patterns capture meaningful individual differences.

    • Inter-subject similarity in pattern trajectories predicts social network proximity.

    • Friends may be exceptionally similar in how attentional states evolve over time.

    • There are distinct behavioral effects of neural response pattern and magnitude trajectories.

  • Irrational Politics, Unreasonable Culture: Justin Smith and Jessica Riskin held on January 29, 2020
    • Shouting and shaming, lying and trolling: How did we ever learn to speak to one another the way we do now? In matters political and cultural, public and private, on social media and in major newsrooms, it seems as though over the past few years a bizarre and frightening irrationality has taken hold of our discourse. But what is irrationality, and what is that thing—reason—with which we oppose it? 
    • Jessica Riskin is involved in some cross-cultural project at Stanford that is trying to bring the arts and STEM into closer orbits (techies and fuzzies?)? Send an email
    • Justin Smith is interested on the effects of algorithms on thinking. Can’t find any writing, but he gave a talk: “The Algorithmic Production of Social Kinds,” a lecture-performance at DAU, Paris, February 12, 2019.
  • Dissertation
    • Slides
  • Mission drive meeting
    • Send status report to Erik
    • 3/31/20 milestones
      • Evaluate GOES 16 and 17 high-fidelity simulators as training sources for multivariate anomaly detection
        • Evaluate transfer learning from GOES 16 <-> GOES 17
      • Evaluate reaction wheel scenarios on lofi model as training source for multivariate anomaly detection for GOES 17 and GOES 17
        • Evaluate transfer learning between models trained using hifi simulator data