Phil 1.15.18

7:00 – 3:30 ASRC MKT

  • Individual mobility and social behaviour: Two sides of the same coin
    • According to personality psychology, personality traits determine many aspects of human behaviour. However, validating this insight in large groups has been challenging so far, due to the scarcity of multi-channel data. Here, we focus on the relationship between mobility and social behaviour by analysing two high-resolution longitudinal datasets collecting trajectories and mobile phone interactions of ∼ 1000 individuals. We show that there is a connection between the way in which individuals explore new resources and exploit known assets in the social and spatial spheres. We point out that different individuals balance the exploration-exploitation trade-off in different ways and we explain part of the variability in the data by the big five personality traits. We find that, in both realms, extraversion correlates with an individual’s attitude towards exploration and routine diversity, while neuroticism and openness account for the tendency to evolve routine over long time-scales. We find no evidence for the existence of classes of individuals across the spatio-social domains. Our results bridge the fields of human geography, sociology and personality psychology and can help improve current models of mobility and tie formation.
    • This work has ways of identifying explorers and exploiters programmatically.
    • Exploit
    • SocialSpatial
  • Reading the Google Brain team’s year in review in two parts
    • From part two: We have also teamed up with researchers at leading healthcare organizations and medical centers including StanfordUCSF, and University of Chicago to demonstrate the effectiveness of using machine learning to predict medical outcomes from de-identified medical records (i.e. given the current state of a patient, we believe we can predict the future for a patient by learning from millions of other patients’ journeys, as a way of helping healthcare professionals make better decisions). We’re very excited about this avenue of work and we look to forward to telling you more about it in 2018
    • FacetsFacets contains two robust visualizations to aid in understanding and analyzing machine learning datasets. Get a sense of the shape of each feature of your dataset using Facets Overview, or explore individual observations using Facets Dive.
  • Found this article on LSTM-based prediction for robots and sent it to Aaron: Deep Episodic Memory: Encoding, Recalling, and Predicting Episodic Experiences for Robot Action Execution
  • Working through Beyond Individual Choice – Actually, wound up going Complexity LabsGame Theory course
    • Social traps are stampedes? Sliding reinforcers (lethal barrier)
    • The transition from Tit-for-tat (TFT) to generous TFT to cooperate always, to defect always has similarities to the excessive social trust stampede as well.
    • Unstable cycling vs. evolutionarily stable strategies
    • Replicator dynamic model: Explore/Exploit
      • In mathematics, the replicator equation is a deterministic monotone non-linear and non-innovative game dynamic used in evolutionary game theory. The replicator equation differs from other equations used to model replication, such as the quasispecies equation, in that it allows the fitness function to incorporate the distribution of the population types rather than setting the fitness of a particular type constant. This important property allows the replicator equation to capture the essence of selection. Unlike the quasispecies equation, the replicator equation does not incorporate mutation and so is not able to innovate new types or pure strategies.
    • Fisher’s Fundamental Theorem “The rate of increase in fitness of any organism at any time is equal to its genetic variance in fitness at that time.
    • Explorers are a form of weak ties, which is one of the reasons they add diversity. Exploiters are strong ties
  • I also had a thought about the GPM simulator. I could add an evolutionary component that would let agents breed, age and die to see if Social Influence Horizon and Turn Rate are selected towards any attractor. My guess is that there is a tension between explorers and stampeders that can be shown to occur over time.